A Bibliometric Analysis of Studies on ‘Start-up Success’ Covering the Period 1981-2019

Journal of Scientometric Research,2022,11,2,212-225.
Published:September 2022
Type:Research Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Toan-Vu Le1,*, Hiep-Hung Pham2, Van Binh Tran3

1Vietnam Institute of Science Technology and Innovation, Hanoi, Vietnam. and School of Economics and Management, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, VIETNAM.

2Center for Research and Practice on Education, Phu Xuan University, Thua-Thien Hue, Vietnam and Reduvation Research Group, Thanh Do University, Hanoi, VIETNAM.

3School of Economics and Management, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, VIETNAM.


Despite being received increasing attention from academic scholars, there have yet any review study on the topic of start-up success. This work fulfills this research gap by investigating 1554 start-up success documents collected from Scopus dataset between 1981 and 2019. Using bibliometric analysis, we reveal that the topic of start-up success only receives more attention from academic scholars since 2011 onwards. Regarding geographical distribution, the US, Germany, and the UK are the three countries contributing the highest number of start-up success related documents. Besides, it’s revealed that 305 (or 19.6%) start-up success documents were published in the top 20 journals. The co-author analysis found that the research groups of start-up success are still small and dispersed and there was a lack of continuity in the research. The science mapping identified six main topics of start-up success, including: (1) Business in General, (2) Start-up Ecosystem, (iii) Academic Start-up, (iv) Drivers of Start-up Success, (v) Resources for start-up, and (vi) Start-up Model. The study’s findings provide implications for stakeholders, including academic scholars, policymakers, start-up owners, entrepreneurs, and practitioners.

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) flow diagram detailing steps in the identification and screening of sources for review of start-up success.